During the period 1990 to 2017, income inequality, as measured by the top 10% income shares across the Commonwealth has risen slightly overall (26 Commonwealth countries for which data is available). Compared to the rest of the world average, income inequality has increased at a slower rate, however, the overall income share for the top 10% is remains higher at 53.88%.
Regionally, Africa has the highest levels of income inequality while Europe and the Pacific regions track the lowest overall income share for the top 10%.
Nationally, income inequality has risen in 16 countries and reduced in 10 countries in the Commonwealth. Malawi’s top 10% income share has reduced by 27.6%, the highest reduction among Commonwealth countries. In India, the top 10% of income share has increased by 67.5%, the highest increase among Commonwealth countries.